Web 2.0, language resources and standards to automatically build a multilingual named entity lexicon
Toral, Antonio and Ferrández, Sergio and Monachini, Monica and Muñoz, Rafael (2011) Web 2.0, language resources and standards to automatically build a multilingual named entity lexicon. Language Resources and Evaluation . ISSN 1574-020X
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This paper proposes to advance in the current state-of-the-art of automatic Language Resource (LR) building by taking into consideration three elements: (i) the knowledge available in existing LRs, (ii) the vast amount of information available from the collaborative paradigm that has emerged from the Web 2.0 and (iii) the use of standards to improve interoperability. We present a case study in which a set of LRs for diﬀerent languages (WordNet for English and Spanish and Parole-Simple-Clips for Italian) are
extended with Named Entities (NE) by exploiting Wikipedia and the aforementioned LRs. The practical result is a multilingual NE lexicon connected to these LRs and to two ontologies: SUMO and SIMPLE. Furthermore, the paper addresses an important problem which aﬀects the Computational Linguistics area in the present, interoperability, by making use of the ISO LMF standard to encode this lexicon. The diﬀerent steps of the procedure (mapping, disambiguation, extraction, NE identiﬁcation and postprocessing) are comprehensively explained and evaluated. The resulting resource contains 974,567, 137,583 and 125,806 NEs for English, Spanish and Italian respectively. Finally, in order to check the usefulness of the constructed resource, we apply it into a state-of-the-art Question Answering system and evaluate its impact; the NE lexicon improves the system’s accuracy by 28.1%. Compared to previous approaches to build NE repositories, the current proposal represents a step forward in terms of automation, language independence, amount of NEs acquired and richness of the information represented.
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