External query reformulation for text-based image retrieval
Min, Jinming and Jones, Gareth J.F. (2011) External query reformulation for text-based image retrieval. In: The 18th Symposium on String Processing and Information Retrieval (SPIRE 2011), 17-21 Oct 2011, Pisa, Italy.
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In text-based image retrieval, the Incomplete Annotation
Problem (IAP) can greatly degrade retrieval effectiveness. A standard method used to address this problem is pseudo relevance feedback (PRF) which updates user queries by adding feedback terms selected automatically from top ranked documents in a prior retrieval run. PRF assumes that the target collection provides enough feedback information to select effective expansion terms. This is often not the case in image retrieval since images often only have short metadata annotations leading to the IAP. Our work proposes the use of an external knowledge resource (Wikipedia) in the process of refining user queries. In our method, Wikipedia documents strongly related to the terms in user query ("
definition documents") are first identified by title matching between the query and titles of Wikipedia articles. These definition documents are used as indicators to re-weight the feedback documents from an initial search
run on a Wikipedia abstract collection using the Jaccard coefficient. The new weights of the feedback documents are combined with the scores rated by different indicators. Query-expansion terms are then selected based on these new weights for the feedback documents. Our method is evaluated on the ImageCLEF WikipediaMM image retrieval task using text-based retrieval on the document metadata fields. The results show significant improvement compared to standard PRF methods.
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