Fibers and fabrics for chemical and biological sensing
Coyle, Shirley and Benito-Lopez, Fernando and Radu, Tanja and Lau, Kim and Diamond, Dermot (2012) Fibers and fabrics for chemical and biological sensing. Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, 14 (4). pp. 64-72. ISSN 1560-6074
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Wearable sensors can be used to monitor many interesting parameters about the wearer’s physiology and environment, with important applications in personal health and well-being, sports performance and personal safety. Wearable chemical sensors can monitor the status of the wearer by accessing body fluids, such as sweat, in an unobtrusive manner. They can also be used to protect the wearer from hazards in the environment by sampling potentially harmful gas emissions such as carbon monoxide. Integrating chemical sensors into textile structures is a challenging and complex task. Issues which must be considered include sample collection, calibration, waste handling, fouling and reliability. Sensors must also be durable and comfortable to wear. Here we present examples of wearable chemical sensors that monitor the person and also their environment. We also discuss the issues involved in developing wearable chemical sensors and strategies for sensor design and textile integration.
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