Index ordering by query-independent measures
Ferguson, Paul (2007) Index ordering by query-independent measures. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.
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There is an ever-increasing amount of data that is being produced from various data sources — this data must then be organised effectively if we hope to search though it. Traditional information retrieval approaches search through all available data in a particular collection in order to find the most suitable results, however, for particularly large collections this may be extremely time consuming.
Our purposed solution to this problem is to only search a limited amount of the collection at query-time, in order to speed this retrieval process up. Although, in doing this we aim to limit the loss in retrieval efficacy (in terms of accuracy of results). The way we aim to do this is to firstly identify the most “important” documents within the collection, and then sort the documents within the collection in order of their "importance” in the collection. In this way we can choose to limit the amount of information to search through, by eliminating the documents of lesser importance, which should not only make the search more efficient, but should also limit any loss in retrieval accuracy.
In this thesis we investigate various different query-independent methods that may indicate the importance of a document in a collection. The more accurate the measure is at determining an important document, the more effectively we can eliminate documents from the retrieval process - improving the query-throughput of the system, as well as providing a high level of accuracy in the returned results. The effectiveness of these approaches are evaluated using the datasets provided by the terabyte track at the Text REtreival Conference (TREC).
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