Transient simulation of complex electronic circuits and systems operating at ultra high frequencies
Dautbegovic, Emira (2005) Transient simulation of complex electronic circuits and systems operating at ultra high frequencies. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.
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The electronics industry worldwide faces increasingly difficult challenges in a bid to produce ultra-fast, reliable and inexpensive electronic devices. Electronic manufacturers rely on the Electronic Design Automation (EDA) industry to produce consistent Computer A id e d Design (CAD) simulation tools that w ill enable the design of new high-performance integrated circuits (IC), the key component of a modem electronic device. However, the continuing trend towards increasing operational frequencies and shrinking device sizes raises the question of the capability of existing circuit simulators to accurately and efficiently estimate circuit behaviour.
The principle objective of this thesis is to advance the state-of-art in the transient simulation of complex electronic circuits and systems operating at ultra high frequencies. Given a set of excitations and initial conditions, the research problem involves the determination of the transient response o f a high-frequency complex electronic system consisting of linear (interconnects) and non-linear (discrete elements) parts with greatly improved efficien cy compared to existing methods and with the potential for very high accuracy in a way that permits an effective trade-off between accuracy and computational complexity.
High-frequency interconnect effects are a major cause of the signal degradation encountered b y a signal propagating through linear interconnect networks in the modem IC. Therefore, the development of an interconnect model that can accurately and efficiently take into account frequency-dependent parameters of modem non-uniform interconnect is of paramount importance for state-of-art circuit simulators. Analytical models and models based on a set of tabulated data are investigated in this thesis. Two novel, h igh ly accurate and efficient interconnect simulation techniques are developed. These techniques combine model order reduction methods with either an analytical resonant model or an interconnect model generated from frequency-dependent sparameters derived from measurements or rigorous full-wave simulation.
The latter part o f the thesis is concerned with envelope simulation. The complex mixture of profoundly different analog/digital parts in a modern IC gives rise to multitime signals, where a fast changing signal arising from the digital section is modulated by a slower-changing envelope signal related to the analog part. A transient analysis of such a circuit is in general very time-consuming. Therefore, specialised methods that take into account the multi-time nature o f the signal are required. To address this issue, a novel envelope simulation technique is developed. This technique combines a wavelet-based collocation method with a multi-time approach to result in a novel simulation technique that enables the desired trade-off between the required accuracy and computational efficiency in a simple and intuitive way. Furthermore, this new technique has the potential to greatly reduce the overall design cycle.
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