The investigation of a recombinant GalNAc binding protein from bacillus thuringiensis as a tool for glycan analysis and detection
Cassidy, Norah and Thompson, Roisin and Clarke, Paul A. and Keogh, Damien and O'Connor, Brendan and O'Connell, Michael (2011) The investigation of a recombinant GalNAc binding protein from bacillus thuringiensis as a tool for glycan analysis and detection. In: The EMBO meeting, 10-13 Sept 2011, Vienna, Austria.
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Changes in the structures of glycans on the surfaces of eukaryotic cells can be important biomarkers for developmental or disease states. Improved methods are needed for the detection and analysis of alterations in glycan structures. Carbohydrate binding proteins such as lectins have potential for the recognition of changes in glycan structure.
Host-pathogen interactions frequently involve the recognition of host carbohydrates by proteins of bacteria or viruses. Many bacterial toxins have evolved to interact with host cell receptors or with a specific tissue due to lectin like properties. The toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis have been shown to have carbohydrate binding abilities, in particular N-Acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) has been shown to inhibit the binding of the toxin Cry1Ac. GalNAc has been shown to be an important marker in many diseases such as breast cancer and colon carcinogenesis. Moreover, changes in GalNAc glycosylation have been identified in many disorders such as cystic fibrosis, neuromuscular disorders and nephropathy. Here we describe the purification of a GalNAc binding protein of bacterial origin that may have potential in the development of diagnostic assays.
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