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Swelling and shrinking properties of thermo-responsive polymeric ionic liquid hydrogels with embedded linear pNIPAAM

Gallagher, Simon and Florea, Larisa and Fraser, Kevin J. and Diamond, Dermot (2014) Swelling and shrinking properties of thermo-responsive polymeric ionic liquid hydrogels with embedded linear pNIPAAM. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15 (4). pp. 5337-5349. ISSN 1422-0067

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Abstract

In this study, varying concentrations of linear pNIPAAM have been incorporated for the first time into a thermo-responsive polymeric ionic liquid (PIL) hydrogel, namely tributyl-hexyl phosphonium 3-sulfopropylacrylate (P-SPA), to produce semi-interpenetrating polymer networks. The thermal properties of the resulting hydrogels have been investigated along with their thermo-induced shrinking and reswelling capabilities. The semi-interpenetrating networks (IPN) hydrogels were found to have improved shrinking and reswelling properties compared with their PIL counterpart. At elevated temperatures (50–80 °C), it was found that the semi-IPN with the highest concentration of hydrophobic pNIPAAM exhibited the highest shrinking percentage of ~40% compared to the conventional P-SPA, (27%). This trend was also found to occur for the reswelling measurements, with semi-IPN hydrogels producing the highest reswelling percentage of ~67%, with respect to its contracted state. This was attributed to an increase in water affinity due to the presence of hydrophilic pNIPAAM. Moreover, the presence of linear pNIPAAM in the polymer matrix leads to improved shrinking and reswelling response compared to the equivalent PIL.

Item Type:Article (Published)
Refereed:No
Uncontrolled Keywords:Polymeric ionic liquids; Ionic liquid; pNIPAAM; Thermo-response; Swelling; IPNs
Subjects:Physical Sciences > Chemistry
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Chemical Sciences
Research Initiatives and Centres > INSIGHT Centre for Data Analytics
Research Initiatives and Centres > CLARITY: The Centre for Sensor Web Technologies
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms15045337
Copyright Information:© 2014 MDPI
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. View License
Funders:Science Foundation Ireland
ID Code:19889
Deposited On:01 Apr 2014 15:07 by Simon Gallagher. Last Modified 19 Jan 2017 10:54

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