High-level feature detection from video in TRECVid: a 5-year retrospective of achievements
Smeaton, Alan F. and Over, Paul and Kraaij, Wessel (2009) High-level feature detection from video in TRECVid: a 5-year retrospective of achievements. In: Divakaran, Ajay, (ed.) Multimedia Content Analysis: Theory and Applications. Springer series on Signals and Communication Technology . Springer US, Norwell, MA 02061, USA, pp. 151-174. ISBN 978-0-387-76567-9
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Successful and effective content-based access to digital
video requires fast, accurate and scalable methods to determine the video content automatically. A variety of contemporary approaches to this rely on text taken from speech within the video, or on matching one video frame against others using low-level characteristics like
colour, texture, or shapes, or on determining and matching objects appearing within the video. Possibly the most important technique, however, is one which determines the presence or absence of a high-level or semantic feature, within a video clip or shot. By utilizing dozens, hundreds or even thousands of such semantic features we can support many kinds of content-based video navigation. Critically however, this depends on being able to determine whether each feature is or is not present in a video clip.
The last 5 years have seen much progress in the development of techniques to determine the presence of semantic features within video. This progress can be tracked in the annual TRECVid benchmarking activity where dozens of research groups measure the effectiveness of their techniques on common data and using an open, metrics-based approach. In this chapter we summarise the work
done on the TRECVid high-level feature task, showing the
progress made year-on-year. This provides a fairly comprehensive statement on where the state-of-the-art is regarding this important task, not just for one research group or for one approach, but across the spectrum. We then use this past and on-going work as a basis for highlighting the trends that are emerging in this area, and the questions which remain to be addressed before we can
achieve large-scale, fast and reliable high-level feature detection on video.
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