Towards an analytical framework of science communication models
Trench, Brian (2008) Towards an analytical framework of science communication models. In: Cheng, D. and Claessens, M. and Gascoigne, T. and Metcalfe, J. and Schiele, B. and Shi, S., (eds.) Communicating science in social contexts: new models, new practices. Springer Netherlands, pp. 119-138. ISBN 978-1-4020-8597-0
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This chapter reviews the discussion in science communication circles of models for public communication of science and technology (PCST). It questions the claim that there has been a large-scale shift from a ‘deficit model’ of communication to a ‘dialogue model’, and it demonstrates the survival of the deficit model along with the ambiguities of that model. Similar discussions in related fields of communication, including the critique of dialogue, are briefly sketched. Outlining the complex circumstances governing approaches to PCST, the author argues that communications models often perceived to be opposed can, in fact, coexist when the choices are made explicit. To aid this process, the author proposes an analytical framework of communication models based on deficit, dialogue and participation, including variations on each.
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