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Spiropyran modified PDMS micro-fluidic chip device for photonically controlled sensor array detection of metal ions

Benito-Lopez, Fernando and Scarmagnani, Silvia and Walsh, Zarah and Paull, Brett and Macka, Mirek and Diamond, Dermot (2009) Spiropyran modified PDMS micro-fluidic chip device for photonically controlled sensor array detection of metal ions. In: ICTBSB-2009 - International Conference on Trends in Bioanalytical Sciences and Biosensors, 26-28 January 2009, Dublin, Ireland.

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Micro‐fluidic chips are particularly attractive in biological and life sciences for analytical purposes because they provide a convenient small platform for rapid analysis and detection [1]. Using micro‐fluidic devices for the determination of ions emerges as a potential solution to some of the challenges not overtaken by conventional techniques e.g. atomic absorption, inductively‐coupled plasma‐optical emission, mass spectrometry and ion‐selective electrodes [2]. For example, these devices can integrate complex sample handling processes, calibration, and detection steps into a compact, portable system. Moreover they require small sample volumes (low μl or nl), consume little power, and are easily constructed for multi‐analyte detection, either through multiple parallel fluidic architectures or by using arrays of detection elements. Organic photochromic compounds like spiropyrans are particularly interesting targets for the development of new approaches to sensing since they offer new routes to multi‐functional materials that take advantage of their photo‐reversible interconversion between two thermodynamically stable states (a spiropyran (SP) form, and a merocyanine (MC) form), which have dramatically different charge, polarity and molecular conformations. Furthermore, they can be easily incorporated into membranes for improved robustness and ease of handling [3], but from our perspective, most interesting of all, they have metal ion‐binding and molecular recognition properties which are only manifested by the MC form. Based on the coordinationinduced photochromism characteristic of the MC form, spiropyrans have been employed as molecular probes for metal ions and organic molecules [4]. In this abstract, we show how through integrating the beneficial characteristics of micro‐fluidic devices and spiropyrans photoswitches, a simple and very innovative chip configured as an on‐line metal ion sensor array can be realised (Figure 1). The micro‐fluidic device consists of five independent 94 μm depth, 150 μm width channels fabricated in polydimethylsiloxane. The spiropyran 1’‐(3‐carboxypropyl)‐3,3’‐dimethyl‐6‐nitrospiro‐1‐benzopyran‐2,2’‐indoline (SP‐COOH) is immobilised by physical adsorption directly on ozone plasma activated PDMS micro‐channel walls. When the colourless, inactive, spiropyran coating absorbs UV light it switches to the highly coloured merocyanine form (MC‐COOH), which also has an active binding site for certain metal ions. Therefore metal ion uptake can be triggered using UV light and subsequently reversed on demand by shining white light on the coloured complex, which regenerates the inactive spiropyran form, and releases the metal ion. When stock solutions of several metal ions (Ca2+, Zn2+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Co2+) are pumped independently through the five channels, different optical responses were observed for each metal (Figure 2), (i.e. complex formation with metal ions is associated with characteristic shifts in the visible spectrum), and the platform can therefore be regarded as a micro‐structured device for online multi‐component monitoring of metal cations.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Event Type:Conference
Uncontrolled Keywords:micro-fluidic chips;
Subjects:Physical Sciences > Detectors
Physical Sciences > Chemistry
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Chemical Sciences
Research Initiatives and Centres > Centre for Bioanalytical Science (CBAS)
Research Initiatives and Centres > CLARITY: The Centre for Sensor Web Technologies
Research Initiatives and Centres > National Centre for Sensor Research (NCSR)
Official URL:
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. View License
Funders:Irish Research Council for Science Engineering and Technology, Science Foundation Ireland
ID Code:4073
Deposited On:15 Apr 2009 12:56 by Fernando Benito-Lopez. Last Modified 29 Apr 2010 15:00

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