Political opposition in civil society. An analysis of the interactions of secular and religious associations in Algeria and Jordan
Cavatorta, Francesco and Elananza, Azzam A.H. (2008) Political opposition in civil society. An analysis of the interactions of secular and religious associations in Algeria and Jordan. Government and Opposition, 43 (4). pp. 561-578. ISSN 1477-7053
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The lack of effective political parties is one of the dominant characteristics of modern Arab polities. The role of opposition to the authoritarian regimes is therefore left to a number of civil society organizations. This study examines the interactions among such groups in the context of the traditional transition paradigm and it analyses specifically how religious and secular organizations operate and interact. The empirical evidence shows that such groups, far from attempting any serious coalition-building to make common demands for democracy on the regime, have a competitive relationship because of their ideological differences and conflicting policy preferences. This strengthens authoritarian rule even in the absence of popular legitimacy. The article focuses its attention on Algeria and Jordan.
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