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The propaganda of Na Fianna Éireann, 1909-26

Hay, Marnie orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-7802-2096 (2011) The propaganda of Na Fianna Éireann, 1909-26. In: Shine Thompson, Mary, (ed.) Young Irelands: Studies in children’s literature. Four Courts Press, Dublin, Ireland, pp. 47-56. ISBN 978-1-84682-141-7

In 1909 two Irish Protestant nationalist activists, Countess Constance Markievicz (1868-1927) and Bulmer Hobson (1883-1969), established a nationalist youth organisation called Na Fianna Éireann, or the Irish National Boy Scouts.2 The foundation of the Fianna was an Irish nationalist manifestation of the proliferation of ‘pseudo-military youth groups’ that occurred in many western countries in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These groups were not only part of the cult of discipline, training and manliness that grew out of the menace of the coming war in Europe,3 but also a reaction to a widely-perceived fin-de-siècle ‘decadence’. For instance, the British Army’s poor performance against a force of South African farmers during the Boer War (1899-1902) provoked much concern that British men were in a state of decline. Fearing that they were losing their competitive edge in industrial and military affairs and that their populations were deteriorating both physically and morally, western countries like Britain began ‘to look to the health, education and moral welfare of the rising generation’.4 The establishment of youth groups was one way of dealing with the perceived problem.
Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ireland; early 20th century; nationalism; youth movements;
Subjects:Humanities > History
Social Sciences > Journalism
DCU Faculties and Centres:UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Four Courts Press
Copyright Information:© 2011 Four Courts Press
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. View License
Funders:Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences
ID Code:23252
Deposited On:08 May 2019 10:36 by Thomas Murtagh . Last Modified 08 May 2019 10:36

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