Recovering non-local dependencies for Chinese
Guo, Yuqing and Wang, Haifeng and van Genabith, Josef (2007) Recovering non-local dependencies for Chinese. In: EMNLP-CoNLL 2007 - Joint Meeting of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning, 28-30 June 2007, Prague, Czech Republic.
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To date, work on Non-Local Dependencies (NLDs) has focused almost exclusively on English and it is an open research question how well these approaches migrate to other languages. This paper surveys non-local dependency constructions in Chinese as represented in the Penn Chinese Treebank (CTB) and provides an approach for generating
proper predicate-argument-modifier structures including NLDs from surface contextfree phrase structure trees. Our approach recovers non-local dependencies at the level
of Lexical-Functional Grammar f-structures, using automatically acquired subcategorisation frames and f-structure paths linking antecedents and traces in NLDs. Currently our algorithm achieves 92.2% f-score for trace
insertion and 84.3% for antecedent recovery evaluating on gold-standard CTB trees, and 64.7% and 54.7%, respectively, on CTBtrained state-of-the-art parser output trees.
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