Parsing with PCFGs and automatic f-structure annotation
Cahill, Aoife and McCarthy, Mairéad and van Genabith, Josef and Way, Andy (2002) Parsing with PCFGs and automatic f-structure annotation. In: LFG02 - 7th International Lexical Functional Grammar Conference, 3-5 July, 2002, Athens, Greece. ISBN 1098-6782
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The development of large coverage, rich unification- (constraint-) based grammar resources is very time consuming, expensive and requires lots of linguistic expertise. In this paper we report initial results on a new methodology that attempts to partially automate the development of substantial parts of large coverage, rich unification- (constraint-) based grammar resources. The method is based on a treebank resource (in our case Penn-II) and an automatic f-structure annotation algorithm that annotates treebank trees with proto-f-structure information. Based on these, we present two parsing architectures: in our pipeline architecture we first extract a PCFG from the treebank following the method of (Charniak,1996), use the PCFG to parse new text, automatically annotate the resulting trees with our f-structure annotation algorithm and generate proto-f-structures. By contrast, in the integrated architecture we first automatically annotate the treebank trees with f-structure information and then extract an annotated PCFG (A-PCFG) from the treebank. We then use the A-PCFG to parse new text to generate proto-f-structures. Currently our best parsers achieve more than 81% f-score on the 2400 trees in section 23 of the Penn-II treebank and more than 60% f-score on gold-standard proto-f-structures for 105 randomly selected trees from section 23.
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