Traffic Control in Packet Switched Networks
Adamovic, Ljiljana (2010) Traffic Control in Packet Switched Networks. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.
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This thesis examines traffic control options available in two existing routing solutions in packet-switched networks. The first solution is the shortest path hop-by-hop routing deployed with the OSPF or IS-IS routing protocol and the IP forwarding protocol. This is the initially deployed and still the most popular routing solution in the Internet. The second solution is explicit routing implemented with the RSVP-TE or CR-LDP signalling protocol and the MPLS forwarding protocol. This is the latest solution to have become widely deployed in the Internet. The thesis analyses the limitations of the two routing solutions as tools for traffic control and yields new insights that can guide the analysis and design of protocols involved in the process. A set of recommendations for modifications of the existing protocols is provided which would allow for a range of new traffic control approaches to be deployed in packet-switched networks.
For future routing solutions which comply with the proposed recommendations two new algorithms are presented in the thesis. They are called the Link Mask Topology (LMT) algorithm, and the Link Cost Topology (LCT) algorithm. The two algorithms define a set of routing topologies and assign network traffic to routes available in these topologies aiming to simultaneously achieve high network throughput and fair resource allocation. While there are similarities in the operation of the two algorithms, their applicability is different as they allocate resources to multiple paths between two network nodes which are available in the defined routing topologies according to a different rule set. The LMT algorithm directs traffic sent between any pair of network nodes to a single route. The LCT algorithm directs traffic sent between a pair of network nodes to a number of routes. The performance of the two proposed algorithms is evaluated in the thesis with calculations comparing them to the shortest path routing algorithm in a number of test cases. The test results demonstrate the potentials of the two proposed algorithms in improving the performance of networks which employ shortest path routing.
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