Pirates, failed states and the EU - Security practice and European identity
McDonagh, Kenneth (2011) Pirates, failed states and the EU - Security practice and European identity. Working Papers in International Studies. (Paper No. 2011/5). Dublin City University, Dublin.
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Since the end of the Cold War the narrative of Europe has had to change in terms of defining what had hitherto been externally defined limits to defining Europe’s role in what President Bush identified as a ‘New World Order’. The early results of this process were mixed, on the hand there were the successful transitions in central and Eastern Europe culminating in accession in 2004. While on the other there was the inability of the EU to prevent ethnic cleansing in the Balkans. Even accession posed difficulties in terms of Europe’s identity as a global actor with divisions apparent over the US decision to go to war in Iraq and the conduct of the War on Terror. This paper argues, following Campbell, that security practices are performative, that is to say they play an active role in constructing the ‘selves’ which they claim to protect and indeed the ‘others’ whom are deemed threatening. This paper seeks to examine 21st century European security practices in order to examine what, if any, security identity is being constructed by the EU. The particular focus will be on the recent EUFOR mission in Chad and the EUNAVFOR mission in the Gulf of Aden.
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