Physico-chemical properties of ionic-liquid water mixtures
Gallagher, Simon and Byrne, Robert and Coleman, Simon and Fraser, Kevin J. and Diamond, Dermot (2011) Physico-chemical properties of ionic-liquid water mixtures. In: 4th International Congress on Ionic Liquids, 15-18 Jun 2011, Washington D.C.
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In order for Ionic Liquids (ILs) to be utilized to their full potential, it is necessary to have a complete understanding of their physical properties, including phase transitions temperatures1.
We have previously reported into the extent of structuring of ILs using photochromic molecular probes, and investigated the appropriate IL water content to yield hydrated IL systems for analysis of polarity and to create environments suitable for effective enzyme activity 1,2,3.
In this study we investigated interactions in hydrated ILs containing variable hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions through optical and thermal analysis. The enthalpies and phase transitions of the systems were compared, between the temperature range -50°C to +30°C for the ILs with varying degrees of hydration. Reichardtʼs dye was used as a molecular probe to monitor changes in interactions in the ILs as a function of temperature. Comparisons were made between ILs and for ILs with varying degrees of hydration. Spectroscopic studies were performed using Perkin Elmer UV-Visible Spectrometer and phase transitions monitored using a Perkin Elmer Differential Scanning Calorimeter.
The ILs examined are; Trihexyltetradecylphosphonium Chloride [P6,6,6,14 Cl] Tributyl-tetradecylphosphonium Chloride, [P4,4,4,14 Cl], 1-Ethyl-methyl-3-imidazolium-ethyl Sulfate [Emim][EtSO4] and Trihexyltetradecylphosphonium Dicyanamide [P6,6,6,14 DCA].
1. Robert Byrne, Simon Coleman, Simon Gallagher, and Dermot Diamond. Designer Molecular Probes for Phosphonium Ionic Liquids. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2010.
2. Kyoko Fujita, Douglas R. MacFarlane, Maria Forsyth, Masahiro Yoshizawa-Fujita, Kenichi Murata,† Nobuhumi Nakamura, and Hiroyuki Ohno*,Solubility and Stability of Cytochrome c in Hydrated Ionic Liquids: Effect of Oxo Acid Residues and Kosmotropicity, 2007.
3. SergeiV.DzyubaandRichardA.Bartsch,Expandingthepolarityrange of ionic liquids, Tetrehedron Letters, 2002.
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