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Remote real-time monitoring of subsurface landfill gas migration

Fay, Cormac and Doherty, Aiden R. and Beirne, Stephen and Collins, Fiachra and Foley, Colum and Healy, John and Kiernan, Breda and Lee, Hyowon and Maher, Damien and Orpen, Dylan and Phelan, Thomas and Qiu, Zhengwei and Zhang, Kirk and Gurrin, Cathal and Corcoran, Brian and O'Connor , Noel E. and Smeaton, Alan F. and Diamond, Dermot (2011) Remote real-time monitoring of subsurface landfill gas migration. Sensors, 11 (7). pp. 6603-6628. ISSN 1424-8220

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Abstract

The cost of monitoring greenhouse gas emissions from landfill sites is of major concern for regulatory authorities. The current monitoring procedure is recognised as labour intensive, requiring agency inspectors to physically travel to perimeter borehole wells in rough terrain and manually measure gas concentration levels with expensive hand-held instrumentation. In this article we present a cost-effective and efficient system for remotely monitoring landfill subsurface migration of methane and carbon dioxide concentration levels. Based purely on an autonomous sensing architecture, the proposed sensing platform was capable of performing complex analytical measurements in situ and successfully communicating the data remotely to a cloud database. A web tool was developed to present the sensed data to relevant stakeholders. We report our experiences in deploying such an approach in the field over a period of approximately 16 months.

Item Type:Article (Published)
Refereed:No
Uncontrolled Keywords:environmental monitoring; greenhouse gases; chemistry; landfill; carbon dioxide; methane; sensor networks; sensor data management
Subjects:Engineering > Systems engineering
Computer Science > Information technology
Engineering > Signal processing
Engineering > Electronic engineering
Engineering > Environmental engineering
Engineering > Mechanical engineering
Engineering > Telecommunication
Engineering > Electronics
Computer Science > World Wide Web
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Engineering and Computing > School of Electronic Engineering
DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Chemical Sciences
DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Engineering and Computing > School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Engineering and Computing > School of Computing
Publisher:MDPI
Official URL:http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/11/7/6603/
Copyright Information:© 2011 MDPI
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. View License
Funders:Science Foundation Ireland
ID Code:16462
Deposited On:25 Jul 2011 14:56 by Cormac Fay. Last Modified 25 Jul 2011 14:56

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