"I’m Eating a Sandwich in Glasgow": Modeling locations with tweets
Kinsella, Sheila and Murdock, Vanessa and O'Hare, Neil (2011) "I’m Eating a Sandwich in Glasgow": Modeling locations with tweets. In: 3rd International Workshop on Search and Mining User-generated Contents, 28 Oct 2011, Glasgow, UK. ISBN 978-145030949-3
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Social media such as Twitter generate large quantities of data about what a person is thinking and doing in a partic- ular location. We leverage this data to build models of locations to improve our understanding of a user’s geographic context. Understanding the user’s geographic context can in turn enable a variety of services that allow us to present information, recommend businesses and services, and place advertisements that are relevant at a hyper-local level.
In this paper we create language models of locations using coordinates extracted from geotagged Twitter data. We model locations at varying levels of granularity, from the zip code to the country level. We measure the accuracy of these models by the degree to which we can predict the location of an individual tweet, and further by the accuracy with which we can predict the location of a user. We find that we can meet the performance of the industry standard tool for pre- dicting both the tweet and the user at the country, state and city levels, and far exceed its performance at the hyper-local level, achieving a three- to ten-fold increase in accuracy at the zip code level.
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