Development of bio-inspired antifouling coatings
Barrett, Alan and Sullivan, Timothy and Regan, Fiona (2013) Development of bio-inspired antifouling coatings. In: 4th Annual SmartOcean Forum, 5-6 Nov 2013, Belfast, UK.
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Biofouling is the accumulation of micro and macro organisms on a solid surface exposed to a marine environment. It cause a reduction of operational effectiveness of marine structures. The process begins with the settlement of microorganisms on the surface demonstrated in figure 1, the microorganisms then produce Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPS) forming a biofilm.
Hydrophobic surfaces have been shown to inhibit biofouling and it has been noted that some strains of macroalgae use surface topography and leaching of antimicrobials to minimise biofouling.
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