A machine vision system for forensic analysis
Ghita, Ovidiu and Gapert, René and Monks, Laura and Last, Jason and Whelan, Paul F. (2005) A machine vision system for forensic analysis. In: IMVIP 2005 - 9th Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference, 30-31 August 2005, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
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Human skeletal remains are analysed by forensic anthropologists in order to draw conclusions about the
probable identity of the deceased. During the analysis, the skull is used, along with other bones, to help
determine the identity of the decedent. If only the base of the skull is available, forensic researchers take
manual measurements from the large oval aperture in this region, the foramen magnum, in order to obtain
information about the gender of the deceased. As this operation requires human intervention, the
measurements are affected by the bias introduced by the human operator. The aim of this paper is to describe
a full machine vision solution to perform precise morphological measurements of the foramen magnum. The
system has been designed to extract measurements from 2D and 3D data and the returned results accurately
match the manual measurements.
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