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Implementation and evaluation of the youth physical activity towards health (Y-PATH) intervention: the role of fundamental movement skills

McGrane, Bronagh (2015) Implementation and evaluation of the youth physical activity towards health (Y-PATH) intervention: the role of fundamental movement skills. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.

Introduction: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are goal directed movement patterns. They are seen as a pre-requisite for the development of sport specific skills, and are a contributor towards future participation in sport and physical activity (PA). A lack of confidence and ability in performing these skills may lead to withdrawal from participating in PA, creating a vicious circle that can result in the reduction of the necessary practice of these FMS. The Youth-Physical Activity Towards Health (Y-PATH) intervention was developed and implemented with the aim of improving adolescents FMS proficiency levels and attitudes towards PA participation, with an overall goal of increasing PA levels. Methods: Participants (n = 564, 12-14 years of age) from 20 mixed gender post- primary schools were recruited as part of the Y-PATH cluster randomised controlled trial. A total of 15 FMS were assessed using a combination of process oriented measures including the TGMD-2. Participants’ PA levels, BMI, fitness levels and physical self-confidence levels were also assessed pre-intervention at the start of the school year. Post-intervention testing was completed at the end of the school year, and again three months later to assess any retention of changes which occurred. The reliability and validity of the physical self-confidence scale and TMGD-2 used in this study were also assessed. Results: Results indicate that Irish adolescent youth are performing below the expected FMS proficiency levels for their age group. Males are significantly more proficient than females in both overall FMS (p=0.02) and object control scores (p=0.001). Results of a between groups ANOVA indicate that the intervention group improved by significantly more than the control group over the period of the intervention (p<0.001). Males exhibited significantly higher physical self-confidence scores than females (p<0.001). A significant correlation was found between females FMS score and their physical self-confidence (r=0.305, p<0.001), while there was no correlation between these two variables among males (r=0.101, p=0.209). Results indicate that the physical self-confidence scale is a valid (r=0.72) and reliable (r=0.92) tool for use with adolescents. A 2 factor model with a reduction in the number of skills in the TGMD-2 to just seven (run, gallop, hop, horizontal jump, bounce, kick and roll) revealed an overall good fit for use with adolescents. Conclusion: The results of this study highlight that Y-PATH is an effective intervention to improve adolescents FMS proficiency. To further improve FMS and PA levels interventions should be implemented and assessed longitudinally and physical self-confidence should be monitored and improved accordingly as it is said to provoke behavioural change.
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Date of Award:November 2015
Supervisor(s):Issartel, Johann and Belton, Sarahjane
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fundamental movement skills; Physical activity; Youth
Subjects:Medical Sciences > Health
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Health and Human Performance
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License. View License
Funders:Dublin City University, Dublin City Sports Partnership, South Dublin County Sports Partnership, Dun-Laoghaire Rathdown Sports Partnership, Fingal Sports Partnership
ID Code:20785
Deposited On:23 Nov 2015 13:53 by Johann Issartel . Last Modified 10 Sep 2019 03:30

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