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Strategies and determinants of civil-military adaptation and military change in insecure states: evidence from Pakistan

Baciu, Cornelia-Adriana orcid logoORCID: 0000-0003-2425-7647 (2019) Strategies and determinants of civil-military adaptation and military change in insecure states: evidence from Pakistan. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.

Civil-military cooperation represents one major component of hybrid approaches of peace, security and defence, which emerged to democratise security governance and effectively counter conventional and less conventional security threats and refer to interaction, coherence and ‘strategic coordination’ between local and liberal (international) orders and practices (Richmond 2016; Mac Ginty 2011; Schroeder et al. 2014). While hybrid approaches of peace and security are playing an increasing role, e.g. in EU and NATO global strategies, hitherto, little research has analysed the impact of hybrid mechanisms. This doctoral project fills a crucial gap in the field of civil-military relations and global security governance by analysing instances of civil-military interactions and military transition in Pakistan, as well as the determinants and strategies which can influence them. The conceptual framework is informed by theories of hybrid peace and security and civil-military relations. The empirical analysis is based on 40 survey responses and 54 semi-structured interviews conducted by the author in four sample regions in Pakistan with senior representatives of the military (mainly retired), civil society, government, media and academia. Ethical approval was obtained prior to the field research from the DCU Ethics Committee. The computer applications NVivo and Stata were used for the data analysis. The research methodology employs process tracing and content analysis. Based on the results, the dissertation proposes key elements for a middle-range theory of civil-military adaptation in insecure environments in transition. The findings are relevant for international organisations and donors and inform the EU Global Strategy on Foreign Policy and Security about hybrid and comprehensive peace and security mechanisms promoting military transformation and societal resilience in fragile countries, affected by complex insecurities. The results of this PhD dissertation advance theories of hybrid security and civil-military relations.
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Date of Award:November 2019
Supervisor(s):Doyle, John
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pakistan; civil-military relations; South Asia; peace building
Subjects:Social Sciences > International relations
Social Sciences > Political science
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Science > School of Law and Government
Research Institutes and Centres > Institute for International Conflict Resolution and Reconstruction
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License. View License
Funders:Irish Research Council, Dublin City University Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, DCU Institute for International Conflict Resolution and Reconstruction
ID Code:23686
Deposited On:25 Nov 2019 11:57 by John Doyle . Last Modified 05 Sep 2023 04:30

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