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Fire safety protection motivation and preparedness in Irish apartments: a post-Grenfell analysis

Brown, Gavin D. orcid logoORCID: 0000-0003-2555-4192, Largey, Ann, McMullan, Caroline orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-4229-5690 and Daffy, Paul (2022) Fire safety protection motivation and preparedness in Irish apartments: a post-Grenfell analysis. Safety Science, 148 . ISSN 0925-7535

This study used an extended version of Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) to identify the variables that influence fire safety preparedness in apartment buildings. PMT was extended to include an individual’s perceived responsibility for fire safety within their building. A survey of 455 respondents living in apartments in Dublin, Ireland, was undertaken to ascertain the level of fire safety awareness and preparedness among residents. Data analysis included correlations, ordinary least squares regressions and probit analysis. The findings reveal a worrying lack of preparedness and that fire safety preparedness motivation is complex, sometimes producing counterintuitive results. For example, a high level of worry about a fire increased the probability that a respondent tested their smoke detector(s) by 27.4 pp, yet was associated with a 33.3 pp reduction in the probability that a respondent acted in line with the building evacuation policy. The factors which influenced preparedness motivation also varied depending on the specific safety measure. For instance, assuming a personal responsibility for fire safety in the building was positively associated with perceived preparedness and having an extinguisher or fire blanket. Conversely, no relationship was observed between personal responsibility for fire safety and the presence of household fire plans, appropriate fire alarm response behaviour, or smoke detector testing. The critical contribution of this study is the identification of factors that act as barriers to, or facilitators of, fire safety in residential apartments. Understanding what drives fire safety can be used to enhance the effectiveness of preparedness messaging to inform public fire safety campaigns.
Item Type:Article (Published)
Additional Information:Article number: 105630
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fire Safety; Household Preparedness; Protection Motivation Theory; Responsibility; Risk Perception; Apartment Fire
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > DCU Business School
Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2021.105630
Copyright Information:© 2022 Elsevier
ID Code:26981
Deposited On:04 Apr 2022 12:19 by Gavin Brown . Last Modified 04 Apr 2022 12:19

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