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Virtual reality distraction for acute pain in children

Lambert, Veronica orcid logoORCID: 0000-0003-4396-5462, Boylan, Patrick, Boran, Lorraine, Hicks, Paula, Kirubakaran, Richard orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-5799-0303, Devane, Declan orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-9393-7075 and Matthews, Anne orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-4845-869X (2020) Virtual reality distraction for acute pain in children. Cochrane Library . ISSN 1465-1858

Background Virtual reality (VR) computer technology creates a simulated environment, perceived as comparable to the real world, with which users can actively interact. The eDectiveness of VR distraction on acute pain intensity in children is uncertain. Objectives To assess the eDectiveness and adverse eDects of virtual reality (VR) distraction interventions for children (0 to 18 years) with acute pain in any healthcare setting. Search methods We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO and four trial registries to October 2019. We also searched reference lists of eligible studies, hand searched relevant journals and contacted study authors. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), including cross-over and cluster-RCTs, comparing VR distraction to no distraction, non-VR distraction or other VR distraction. Data collection and analysis We used standard Cochrane methodological processes. Two reviewers assessed risk of bias and extracted data independently. The primary outcome was acute pain intensity (during procedure, and up to one hour post-procedure). Secondary outcomes were adverse eDects, child satisfaction with VR, pain-related distress, parent anxiety, rescue analgesia and cost. We used GRADE and created 'Summary of findings' tables. Main results We included 17 RCTs (1008 participants aged four to 18 years) undergoing various procedures in healthcare settings. We did not pool data because the heterogeneity in population (i.e. diverse ages and developmental stages of children and their diDerent perceptions and reactions to pain) and variations in procedural conditions (e.g. phlebotomy, burn wound dressings, physical therapy sessions), and consequent level of pain experienced, made statistical pooling of data impossible. We narratively describe results. We judged most studies to be at unclear risk of selection bias, high risk of performance and detection bias, and high risk of bias for small sample sizes. Across all comparisons and outcomes, we downgraded the certainty of evidence to low or very low due to serious study limitations and serious or very serious indirectness. We also downgraded some of the evidence for very serious imprecision.
Item Type:Article (Published)
Subjects:Medical Sciences > Pediatric nursing
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Nursing and Human Sciences
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Official URL:https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010686.pub2
Copyright Information:© 2020 The Cochrane Collaboration
ID Code:27743
Deposited On:14 Sep 2022 11:01 by Thomas Murtagh . Last Modified 15 Mar 2024 17:32

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