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An evaluation of the fundamental movement skill proficiency of children with intellectual disabilities participating in the Special Olympics Young Athletes programme

Kavanagh, Hayley orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-8940-0443 (2024) An evaluation of the fundamental movement skill proficiency of children with intellectual disabilities participating in the Special Olympics Young Athletes programme. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.

Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are known as the building blocks required for participating in sport and physical activity. These skills encompass three categories of movement including locomotor, ball and balance skills. Children with ID (CwID) must be provided with opportunities to learn, practice and reinforce these skills. Throughout the literature, CwID exhibit lower motor skill proficiency levels compared to typically developing children (TDC). Phase one of this project involved completing a meta- analysis of studies comparing the FMS of CwID to TDC (n = 3525, age 4-12 years) in order to quantitatively obtain a macroscopic picture of the FMS proficiency of CwID in comparison with TDC. Phase two consisted of carrying out a nationwide assessment of a broad range of FMS amongst CwID (n = 100) and coaches’ perceptions of CwID proficiency levels participating in the Special Olympics Young Athletes (YA) programme. The main results highlight that CwID demonstrate low levels of FMS mastery (0-60.4%) TDC scored significantly higher in all FMS subsets compared to CwID (p < .001). Weak to moderate associations (0.20-0.59) were found on an individual skill level between CwID actual motor competence (MC) and coaches’ perceptions of children’s skill level. The final phase explored the experiences of coaches (n = 8) involved in delivering the YA programme, including their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to implementing the programme. Overall, findings highlight sub optimal levels of FMS proficiency amongst CwID participating in the YA programme and the need for tailored FMS interventions targeting CwID specific weakness in FMS. Additionally, the results presented highlight a knowledge gap that exists in coach education. Training is required for YA coaches to 1) help them identify and correct weaknesses in FMS proficiency levels and 2) support them tailoring training programmes for CwID.
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Date of Award:March 2024
Supervisor(s):Issartel, Johann, Manninen, Mika and Meegan, Sarah
Subjects:Medical Sciences > Kinesiology
Medical Sciences > Psychology
Medical Sciences > Sports sciences
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Health and Human Performance
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License. View License
ID Code:29296
Deposited On:22 Mar 2024 11:54 by Mika Manninen . Last Modified 22 Mar 2024 11:54

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Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0


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