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Synthesis of some analogues of n-substituted phthalimide and benzo-tetracyanoquinodimethane

McDermott, Gerard M. (2007) Synthesis of some analogues of n-substituted phthalimide and benzo-tetracyanoquinodimethane. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.

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Abstract

This thesis will begin with a brief introduction of the photochemistry of the carbonyl group, followed by a detailed literature survey concerning the intra and intermolecular photochemical reactions of the phthalimide system. It will also be shown that N-(2-hydroxypheny1)phthalimide and N-(2- aminopheny1)phthalimide do not behave in the same photochemical manner as the analogous N-(2-methylpheny1)phthalimide and N-(2-ethylphenyl)phthalimide, which both undergo &hydrogen abstraction forming a tetracyclic system, as well as a photoreduced product. However, N-(2-hydroxypheny1)phthalimide does undergo an interesting intra-molecular thermal process to yield 2-phenylbenzoxazole, while N-(2- aminopheny1)phthalimide also undergoes an intra-molecular thermal cyclisation to a tetra cyclic system, benzo[4,5]imidazo[2,1-alisoindol-11-one,w hich is believed is initiated by an inter-molecular reaction. It will also show that esters of N-(2- hydroxypheny1)phthalimide and amides of N-(2-aminopheny1)phthalimide are photochemically inert. This thesis will describe the application of the Mitsunobu reaction for the synthesis and identification of N-alkyl derivatives of 3-dicyanomethylene-2,3-dihydroisoindol- 1-one. These derivatives are structural analogues of N-substituted phthalimides and also of benzo-tetracycnoquinodimethane. Electrochemical studies with some selected members of this series will show that, like the phthalimides and benzotetracyanoquinodimethane, these compounds are good electron acceptors. The photochemistry of this family of compounds has also been investigated. It will also show that the Mitsunobu reaction with isopropyl alcohol give products from both N-alkylation and 0-alkylation. Molecular modelling calculations are in line with this observeration.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Date of Award:2007
Refereed:No
Supervisor(s):Pratt, Albert C.
Uncontrolled Keywords:photochemical reactions; phthalimide system; N-alkyl derivatives;
Subjects:Physical Sciences > Photochemistry
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Chemical Sciences
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License. View License
ID Code:16969
Deposited On:10 May 2012 12:09 by Fran Callaghan. Last Modified 24 May 2013 09:35

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