Scalable QoS routing in MPLS networks using mobile code
Dragos, Sanda-Maria (2006) Scalable QoS routing in MPLS networks using mobile code. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.
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In a continually evolving Internet, tools such as Q u a lity o f Service ro u tin g must be used in order to accommodate user demands. However, deploying and developing QoS routing in the legacy Internet is difficult. Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) facilitates the deployment of QoS routing, due to its separation of functions between the control and forwarding plane. Developing QoS routing raises scalability issues within very large networks. I propose overcoming these issues by using topology aggregation and distributed routing based on modem techniques such as active networks and mobile agents. However, topology aggregation introduces inaccuracy, which has a negative impact on QoS routing performance. To avoid such problems I propose a hierarchical routing protocol, called Macro-routing, which by using distributed route computation is able to process more detailed information and thus to use the most accurate aggregation technique, i.e. Full-Mesh. Therefore, the protocol is more likely to find the best path between source and destination, and can also find more than one available path.
QoS routing, which is used for finding feasible paths that simultaneously satisfy multiple constraints, is also called multiple-constrained routing and is an NP-complete problem. The difficulty of solving such problems increases in a hierarchical context, where aggregation techniques influence the path computation process. I propose a new aggregation technique which allows the selection of multiple paths that satisfy multiple QoS constraints. This reduces the probability of a false negative, i.e., of the routing algorithm incorrectly reporting that no path satisfying the constraints exists. This aggregation technique is called extended full-mesh (EFM) and is intended for use with the Macro-routing protocol. Deploying these protocols in the Internet will allow multi-constrained routing to be practically implemented on large networks.
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