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A sleep bruxism detection system based on sensors in a splint – pilot clinical data

McAuliffe, Padraig and Kim, Jung Ho and Diamond, Dermot and Lau, Kim and O'Connell, Brian (2014) A sleep bruxism detection system based on sensors in a splint – pilot clinical data. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 42 (1). pp. 34-39. ISSN 1365-2842

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Abstract

It is difficult in a dental setting to accurately diagnose sleep bruxism and to objectively assess the severity, frequency or natural history of the condition in an individual patient. Yet this information is essential for the management of sleep bruxism and to plan appropriate dental treatment. The objective of this study was to clinically test a device that could be used to record bruxism events in a home environment. Pressure sensors were developed for use under the surface of an occlusal splint, and circuitry was designed to facilitate the recording and wireless transmission of the pressure sensor signal to a computer. Controlled mandibular movements were carried out in vivo to simulate bruxism and non-bruxism patterns. These patterns of force application were graphically presented to two examiners who were asked to identify the type of activity represented by the force curves. Examiners were largely able to distinguish bruxism from non-bruxism activity; the sensitivity ranged from 80% to 100% and the specificity from 75% to 100%. Using sensors in an occlusal splint, it is possible to recognise the typical tooth contact patterns seen in sleep bruxism. Such a device may be useful for monitoring sleep bruxism over an extended period at home.

Item Type:Article (Published)
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sleep bruxism; Tooth wear; Occlusal splints; Bite force; Remote sensing technologies; Stomatognathic diseases
Subjects:Physical Sciences > Electronic circuits
Medical Sciences > Health
Engineering > Biomedical engineering
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Chemical Sciences
Research Initiatives and Centres > National Centre for Sensor Research (NCSR)
Research Initiatives and Centres > CLARITY: The Centre for Sensor Web Technologies
Publisher:Wiley
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12223
Copyright Information:© 2014 Wiley. The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. View License
Funders:Enterprise Ireland, Science Foundation Ireland
ID Code:20098
Deposited On:26 Mar 2015 13:53 by Dermot Diamond. Last Modified 22 Feb 2017 16:15

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