Browse DORAS
Browse Theses
Search
Latest Additions
Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed for use under a:

Synthesis of thiourea and urea organocatalysts by opioids

Liu, Bo (2017) Synthesis of thiourea and urea organocatalysts by opioids. Master of Science thesis, Dublin City University.

Full text available as:

[img]PDF (MSc thesis) - Archive staff only. This file is embargoed until 11 July 2018 - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
10Mb

Abstract

Organocatalysis is one of the fastest growing fields of research in organic chemistry. The many advantages of organocatalysts include their low costs, low toxicity, the ready availability of natural resources and in many cases, low reactivity with moisture and oxygen. These traits can be preferable to some classes of metal-based catalysts although a case-by-case comparison is required. When benefits over metal-based catalysts are realized, organocatalysts can make a contribution to green chemistry. One major advantage is that metal residues, which are difficult to remove from products when using metal-based catalysts, are avoided by an organocatalytic step which is of significance to the synthesis of pharmaceutical products, where metal content is strictly controlled. Effective chiral organocatalysts can be derived from natural molecules from the chiral pool, which are a primary source of enantiomerically pure stereoisomers. Proline and the cinchona alkaloids are two key examples of organocatalyst precursors which have been widely studied. This work expands the scope of natural alkaloid precursors to include opiates. Opiates, such as morphine and codeine, are abundant alkaloids readily available from the opium poppy and industrial plants and means by which to extract these compounds are well established. This is due to their ubiquitous use as analgesic drugs to relieve pain. The aim of this project was to prepare novel thiourea and urea organocatalysts from a series of opioid derivatives and study their performance in model asymmetric synthetic reactions suited to thiourea catalysts. The selected reaction was a Michael addition reaction between diethyl malonate and trans-β-nitrostyrene. One urea and one thiourea organocatalyst were prepared, both of the C2-symmetric group, and characterized by NMR, IR, melting point, optical rotation, MS and the compound structures were unambiguously assigned based on single crystal XRD results. The thiourea derivative catalyst gave high yields for the Michael addition reaction however, enantioinduction was poor, with less than 10% ee observed.

Item Type:Thesis (Master of Science)
Date of Award:November 2017
Refereed:No
Supervisor(s):Nolan, Kieran and Gathergood, Nicholas
Uncontrolled Keywords:Opiate Chemistry
Subjects:Physical Sciences > Organic chemistry
Physical Sciences > Chemistry
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science and Health > School of Chemical Sciences
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License. View License
ID Code:21869
Deposited On:16 Nov 2017 10:45 by John Gallagher. Last Modified 16 Nov 2017 10:45

Archive Staff Only: edit this record