Wavelength tunable transmitters for future reconfigurable agile optical networks
Maher, Robert D. (2009) Wavelength tunable transmitters for future reconfigurable agile optical networks. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.
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Wavelength tuneable transmission is a requirement for future reconfigurable agile optical networks as it enables cost efficient bandwidth distribution and a greater degree of transparency. This thesis focuses on the development and characterisation of wavelength tuneable transmitters for the core, metro and access based WDM networks.
The wavelength tuneable RZ transmitter is a fundamental component for the core network as the RZ coding scheme is favoured over the conventional NRZ format as the line rate increases. The combination of a widely tuneable SG DBR laser and an EAM is a propitious technique employed to generate wavelength tuneable pulses at high repetition
rates (40 GHz). As the EAM is inherently wavelength dependant an accurate characterisation of the generated pulses is carried out using the linear spectrogram
measurement technique. Performance issues associated with the transmitter are investigated by employing the generated pulses in a 1500 km 42.7 Gb/s circulating loop
system. It is demonstrated that non-optimisation of the EAM drive conditions at each operating wavelength can lead to a 33 % degradation in system performance. To achieve
consistent operation over a wide waveband the drive conditions of the EAM must be altered at each operating wavelength.
The metro network spans relatively small distances in comparison to the core and therefore must utilise more cost efficient solutions to transmit data, while also
maintaining high reconfigurable functionality. Due to the shorter transmission distances, directly modulated sources can be utilised, as less precise wavelength and chirp control can be tolerated. Therefore a gain-switched FP laser provides an ideal source for wavelength tuneable pulse generation at high data rates (10 Gb/s). A self-seeding scheme that generates single mode pulses with high SMSR (> 30 dB) and small pulse duration is demonstrated. A FBG with a very large group delay disperses the generated pulses and subsequently uses this CW like signal to re-inject the laser diode negating the need to tune the repetition rate for optimum gain-switching operation.
The access network provides the last communication link between the customer’s premises and the first switching node in the network. FTTH systems should take advantage of directly modulated sources; therefore the direct modulation of a SG DBR tuneable laser is investigated. Although a directly modulated TL is ideal for reconfigurable access based networks, the modulation itself leads to a drift in operating frequency which may result in cross channel interference in a WDM network. This effect is investigated and also a possible solution to compensate the frequency drift through simultaneous modulation of the lasers phase section is examined.
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