Application of nanoparticles in electrochemical sensors and biosensors
Luo, Xiliang and Morrin, Aoife and Killard, Anthony J. and Smyth, Malcolm R. (2006) Application of nanoparticles in electrochemical sensors and biosensors. Electroanalysis, 18 (4). pp. 319-326. ISSN 1040-0397
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The unique chemical and physical properties of nanoparticles make them extremely suitable for designing new and improved sensing devices, especially electrochemical sensors and biosensors. Many kinds of nanoparticles, such as metal, oxide and semiconductor nanoparticles have been used for constructing electrochemical sensors and biosensors, and these nanoparticles play different roles in different sensing systems. The important functions provided by nanoparticles include the immobilization of biomolecules, the catalysis of electrochemical reactions, the enhancement of electron transfer between electrode surfaces and proteins, labeling of biomolecules and even acting as reactant. This minireview addresses recent advances in nanoparticle-based electrochemical sensors and biosensors, and summarizes the main functions of nanoparticles in these sensor systems.
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