Closure in artificial cell signalling networks - investigating the emergence of cognition in collectively autocatalytic reaction networks
Decraene, James (2009) Closure in artificial cell signalling networks - investigating the emergence of cognition in collectively autocatalytic reaction networks. In: BIOSIGNALS 2009: The International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing, 14-17 Jan. 2009, Porto, Portugal. ISBN 978-989-8111-65-4
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Cell Signalling Networks (CSNs) are complex biochemical networks responsible for the coordination of cellular
activities in response to internal and external stimuli. We hypothesize that CSNs are subsets of collectively autocatalytic reaction networks. The signal processing or cognitive abilities of CSNs would originate from the closure properties of these systems. We investigate how Artificial CSNs, regarded as minimal cognitive systems, could emerge and evolve under this condition where closure may interact with evolution. To assist this research, we employ a multi-level concurrent Artificial Chemistry based on the Molecular Classifier Systems and the Holland broadcast language. A critical issue for the evolvability of such undirected and autonomous evolutionary systems is to identify the conditions that would ensure evolutionary stability. In this
paper we present some key features of our system which permitted stable cooperation to occur between the different molecular species through evolution. Following this, we present an experiment in which we evolved a simple closed reaction network to accomplish a pre-specified task. In this experiment we show that the signal-processing ability (signal amplification) directly resulted from the evolved systems closure properties.
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