A molecular approach to complex adaptive systems
Decraene, James and Mitchell, George G. and McMullin, Barry (2007) A molecular approach to complex adaptive systems. In: CS2007 - IEEE SMC UK and RI 6th Conference on Cybernetic Systems, 6-7 Sept 2007 , Dublin, Ireland.
Full text available as:
Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) are dynamical networks of interacting agents which as a whole determine the behavior, adaptivity and cognitive ability of the system. CAS are
ubiquitous and occur in a variety of natural and artificial systems (e.g., cells, societies, stock markets). To study CAS, Holland proposed to employ an agent-based system in which Learning Classifier Systems (LCS) were used to determine the agents behavior and adaptivity. We argue that LCS are limited for the study of CAS: the rule-discovery mechanism is pre-specified and may limit the evolvability of CAS. Secondly, LCS distinguish a demarcation between messages and rules, however operations are reflexive in CAS, e.g., in a cell, an agent (a molecule) may both act as a message (substrate) and as a catalyst (rule). To address these issues, we proposed the Molecular Classifier Systems (MCS.b), a string-based Artificial Chemistry based on Holland’s broadcast language. In the MCS.b, no explicit fitness function or rule discovery mechanism is specified, moreover no distinction is made between messages and rules. In the context of the ESIGNET project, we employ the MCS.b to study a subclass of CAS: Cell Signaling Networks (CSNs) which are complex biochemical networks responsible for coordinating cellular activities. As CSNs occur in cells, these networks must replicate themselves prior to cell division. In this paper we present a series of experiments
focusing on the self-replication ability of these CAS. Results indicate counter intuitive outcomes as opposed to those inferred from the literature. This work highlights the current deficit of a theoretical framework for the study of Artificial Chemistries.
Archive Staff Only: edit this record