Analysis of the glucuronidation of 7-hydroxycoumarin by HPLC
Killard, Anthony J. and O'Kennedy, Richard and Bogan, Declan P. (1996) Analysis of the glucuronidation of 7-hydroxycoumarin by HPLC. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 14 (11). pp. 1585-1590. ISSN 0731-7085
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The in-vitro metabolism of 7-hydroxycoumarin to 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide was investigated in bovine liver homogenate. A metabolic reaction mixture was prepared that included a crude preparation of uridine diphosphate (UDP) glucuronyl transferase, 7-hydroxycoumarin and UDP-glucuronic acid. A HPLC method was developed to separate coumarin, 7-hydroxycoumarin, 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide and an internal standard, 4-hydroxycoumarin. Samples were separated by reverse-phase HPLC, on a C18 column, with a 1 ml min[-1] gradient elution with UV detection at 320 nm. The limit of quantification of the method, for 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide, was 1.47 μM, and the linear range was from 0-295.7 μM. Concentrations of 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide produced were calculated from a plot of 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide concentration versus the mean absorbance ratio (n=4) (7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide absorbance/4-hydroxycoumarin absorbance). It was possible to monitor the decrease in the 7-hydroxycoumarin content as it was metabolised as well as the increase in 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide as it was produced enzymatically. The identity of the compound produced was confirmed by photodiode array spectral analysis. A plot of time versus 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide produced indicates that the metabolism is linear for the first 90 min and reached a plateau at 150 min. The rate of reaction in the first 90 min was 2.96 ± 0.06 (RSD 1.7%, n = 3) nmol of 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide produced per minute per milligram of protein. After 150 min 0.34 ± 0.005 mM (RSD 1.4%) 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide was produced, from 0.77 mM 7-hydroxycoumarin introduced into the reaction mixture and 58.0% ± 5.3% (or 0.44 ± 0.02 mM) of the 7-hydroxycoumarin remained. These results show that it is possible to monitor the production of the phase II metabolite of coumarin with minimal sample clean-up and without the need for deconjugation of the glucuronide moiety. The method was very reliable and applicable for the direct determination of 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide in an in-vitro metabolic assay.
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