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Language translation during disaster: A comparative analysis of five national approaches

O'Brien, Sharon orcid logoORCID: 0000-0003-4864-5986, Federici, Federico M. orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-0057-0340, Cadwell, Patrick orcid logoORCID: 0000-0002-2371-4378, Jay, Marlowe and Gerber, Brian (2018) Language translation during disaster: A comparative analysis of five national approaches. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 31 . pp. 627-636. ISSN 2212-4209

Clear, timely and accurate information is recognised as strategically and operationally critical to disaster response effectiveness. Increasing cultural and linguistic diversity across the globe creates a demand for information to be available in multiple languages. This signifies a need for language translation to be a key element of disaster management. However, language translation is an underdeveloped tool in disaster management and has been a neglected topic in research. We analyse the disaster response approaches for five nations—Ireland, the UK, New Zealand, Japan and the USA—to determine the degree to which language translation is utilised. Taking the right to information as a starting point, we use a 4-A, rights-based analytic framework. Each approach is inspected for standards of Availability, Accessibility, Acceptability and Adaptability. The US has the strongest adherence to these standards while the other approaches are less developed. We suggest several principles for effective practice in providing language access services.
Item Type:Article (Published)
Additional Information:Marie Sklowdowska Curie Actions; RISE Grant no. No 734211–INTERACT, The International Network in Crisis Translation.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Translation; Interpreting; Disasters; 4-A framework; Linguistic diversity
Subjects:Humanities > Language
Humanities > Translating and interpreting
Social Sciences > Multiculturalism
Social Sciences > Migration
DCU Faculties and Centres:DCU Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Science > School of Applied Language and Intercultural Studies
Research Institutes and Centres > Centre for International Studies (CIS)
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.07.006
Copyright Information:©2019 Elsevier
Use License:This item is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. View License
Funders:European Commission
ID Code:23421
Deposited On:11 Jun 2019 09:00 by Sharon O'brien . Last Modified 10 Oct 2020 03:30

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