Stochastic computational modelling of complex drug delivery systems
Bezbradica, Marija (2013) Stochastic computational modelling of complex drug delivery systems. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.
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As modern drug formulations become more advanced, pharmaceutical companies face the need for adequate tools to permit them to model complex requirements and to reduce
unnecessary adsorption rates while increasing the dosage administered. The aim of the research presented here is the development and application of a general stochastic framework with agent-based elements for building drug dissolution models, with a particular focus on
controlled release systems. The utilisation of three dimensional Cellular Automata and Monte Carlo methods, to describe structural compositions and the main physico-chemical mechanisms, is shown to have several key advantages: (i) the bottom up approach simplifies
the definition of complex interactions between underlying phenomena such as diffusion,polymer degradation and hydration, and the dissolution media; (ii) permits straightforward extensibility for drug formulation variations in terms of supporting various geometries
and exploring effects of polymer composition and layering; (iii) facilitates visualisation, affording insight on system structural evolution over time by capturing successive stages of dissolution. The framework has been used to build models simulating several distinct
release scenarios from coated spheres covering single coated erosion and swelling dominated spheres as well as the influence of multiple heterogeneous coatings. High-performance computational optimisation enables precision simulations of the very thin coatings used and allows fast realisation of model state changes. Furthermore, theoretical analysis of the comparative impact of synchronous and asynchronous Cellular Automata and the suitability of their application to pharmaceutical systems is performed. Likely parameter distributions from noisy in vitro data are reconstructed using Inverse Monte Carlo methods and outcomes are reported.
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