Analysis of water-soluble vitamins in biopharma raw materials by electrophoresis micro-chips with contactless conductivity detection
Benito-Lopez, Fernando and Vázquez, Mercedes and Garcia-Cordero, Jose L. and Diamond, Dermot (2009) Analysis of water-soluble vitamins in biopharma raw materials by electrophoresis micro-chips with contactless conductivity detection. In: ICTBSB-2009 - International Conference on Trends in Bioanalytical Sciences and Biosensors, 26-28 January 2009, Dublin, Ireland.
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Detailed information concerning the composition of the raw materials employed in the production
of biologics is important for the efficient control and optimization of bioprocesses. The analytical
methods used in these applications must be simple and fast as well as be easily transferable from
one site to another. In that context, microchip‐based electrophoresis represents a promising tool
for application in the analysis of raw materials in biologics. Using electrophoresis micro‐chips,
analysis times can be reduced to seconds and high separation efficiencies can be achieved using
extremely low volume samples, minimal reagent consumption and waste generation, low
cost/disposability, portability and ease of mass‐production .
Additionally the use of Capacitively Coupled Contactless Conductivity Detection (C4D) offers a
rather simple and yet sensitive method for detection of ionic species. Recently, C4D has gained
much popularity as on‐chip detection in electrophoresis micro‐chips . The main reason for this
is that there is no physical contact of the detection electrodes with the electrolyte solution.
Therefore, the integration of this detection mode within the analytical system is rather simple.
Furthermore, the background noise is significantly reduced leading to lower detection limits than
the conventional contact conductivity detection.
Vitamins are present at very low concentrations in biopharma raw materials and are usually
determined using HPLC and CE methods . Electrophoresis micro‐chips are a very good
alternative to these techniques due to the shorter analysis time and yet very good resolution,
In this paper, we present the application of electrophoresis micro‐chips with C4D detection to the
analysis of water‐soluble vitamins in raw materials used for the production of biologics in
bioreactors. For that purpose, hybrid PDMS/glass chips were fabricated by using standard
photolithographic techniques (Figure 1). The chip structure contains an extremely long channel of
101 mm (50 x 50 μm width x depth). Figure 2 shows the setup used for vitamins detection.
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